Old Sheffield was to be found in the West Riding of Yorkshire until 1974 when it became part of the new county of South Yorkshire along with other towns and cities including Rotherham, Barnsley and Doncaster. Sheffield featured in sheet 294 of the Ordnance Survey 6″ inch series of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The table below gives a breakdown of the areas covered by the Sheffield area maps. Brief excerpts are also shown from the Kelly’s Directory of West Riding of Yorkshire 1881 to give a flavour and character of the area.
|North West Sheffield||Yorkshire 294 NW||Storrs, Stannington and Hillsborough,|
|North East Sheffield||Yorkshire 294 NE||Sheffield centre, Owlerton, Park Hill, Crookesmoor and Grimesthorpe|
|South West Sheffield||Yorkshire 294 SW||Ecclesall, Fulwood, Whiteley Wood, and Grey Stones|
|South East Sheffield||Yorkshire 294 SE||Sheffield centre, Broomfield, Brincliffe, Meersbrook, Heeley and Highfield|
SHEFFIELD, the great seat of cutlery, plated wares and other hardware, iron and Steel manufactures, is a large and populous market town, municipal and parliamentary borough, and polling place for the Southern division of the Riding, in the unions of Sheffield and Ecclesall Bierlow, southern or upper division of the wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill, rural deanery of Sheffield, archdeaconry and diocese of York, and in the ancient liberty of Hallamshire. It is the seat of county and bankruptcy courts and of quarter sessions, forms part of the North Eastern circuit, and is the second largest town in the county of York, being inferior only to Leeds
Sheffield is situated at the junction of the Sheaf with the river Don, and is near the confluence of the Porter, the Rivelin, the Loxley and other streams, which supply the neighbouring mills and forges: it occupies part of the hilly ground on the eastern side of the Pennine chain, in latitude .53° 23′ north and 1° 29′ west, and is distant from London 162 miles by the Great Northern railway and 175 by the Midland; Barnsley 17, Bradford 42, Halifax 37, Hull 76, Huddersfield 26, Leeds 39, Manchester 41, Wakefield 27, York 52
In addition to the staple trade of cutlery, files, saws, machine knives, edge tools, joiners’ tools, skates, engravers’ tools, engineers’ tools, hammers, planes, horticultural tools, sheep and garden shears, scythes, sickles and reaping hooks, hackle and gill pins, needles, wire, cast steel wire ropes, anvils, vices and portable forges, stove grates, fenders and fireirons,silver,plated and Britannia metal goods, iron, brass and German silver castings; horn, ivory and bone are cut and converted into their various uses : there are also many employed in the manufacture of other articles, amongst which may be enumerated cast steel hay forks, curriers’ and tanners’ knives, sugar cane knives, ledger blades, spiral cutters, calico webs, steel busks, surgical instruments, dressing-case instruments,corkscrews, nutcrackers, snuffers, button hooks, steel toys, horse scrapers, singeing lamps; ……….